abolish


abolish
abolish, annihilate, extinguish, abate share the meaning to make nonexistent.
Abolish seldom refers to purely physical objects but rather to such things as are the outgrowth of law, custom, human conception, or the conditions of human existence
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attempts to abolish slavery

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a proposal to abolish the income tax

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no plan will be acceptable unless it abolishes poverty— Shaw

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Annihilate distinctively implies destruction so complete that everything involved is wiped out of existence and cannot be revived in any form
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the realization that for the first time the homes and cities of the United States itself can be annihilated by enemy attack— Crawley

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Extinguish or its related noun extinction is often interchangeable with annihilate (or annihilation) but it stresses the power of the cause to overwhelm and suppress rather than the finality of the result
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a religion of their own which was thoroughly and painfully extinguished by the Inquisition— T. S. Eliot

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Abate in general use is far weaker in meaning than the foregoing terms and typically denotes a gradual decrease or dwindling rather than an immediate termination
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the wind abated after sundown

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misfortune had abated the grandiosity of the Roman temper— Buchan

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In law abolish keeps close to its general sense of to make nonexistent; annihilate is sometimes used as an emphatic substitute for abolish
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the appointment cannot be annihilatedJohn Marshall

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Extinguish implies destruction of a right or obligation by some act or decision which nullifies it or makes it void.
Abate implies termination especially by a legal decision
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abate a nuisance

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abate an action or writ

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summoning me for failing to abate a smoky chimney— Wodehouse

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Analogous words:extirpate, eradicate, wipe, *exterminate: obliterate, efface, blot out, expunge (see ERASE): negate, *nullify, annul, abrogate
Antonyms: establish
Contrasted words: *found, institute: *bear, produce, turn out: create, discover, *invent

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abolish — A*bol ish, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Abolished}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Abolishing}.] [F. abolir, L. abolere, aboletum; ab + olere to grow. Cf. {Finish}.] 1. To do away with wholly; to annul; to make void; said of laws, customs, institutions, governments,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • abolish — abol·ish vt: to end the observance or effect of: annul Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. abolish …   Law dictionary

  • abolish — a‧bol‧ish [əˈbɒlɪʆ ǁ əˈbɑː ] verb [transitive] LAW to officially end a law, a system for doing something, an organization etc, especially one that has existed for a long time: • Inheritance tax in Bulgaria was abolished in 2005. abolition noun… …   Financial and business terms

  • abolish — [ə bäl′ish] vt. [ME abolisshen < OFr aboliss , extended stem of abolir < L abolescere, to decay little by little, inceptive of abolere, to retard, destroy: formed, with ab , from, to contrast with adolere, to increase, grow] to do away with …   English World dictionary

  • abolish — (v.) mid 15c., from M.Fr. aboliss , prp. stem of abolir to abolish (15c.), from L. abolere destroy, cause to die out, retard the growth of, from ab from (see AB (Cf. ab )) + adolere to grow, from PIE *ol eye , causative of root *al to …   Etymology dictionary

  • abolish — [v] do away with or put an end to abate, abrogate, annihilate, annul, call off, cancel, destroy, disestablish, dissolve, end, eradicate, erase, expunge, extinguish, extirpate, finish, inhibit, invalidate, kill, negate, nix, nullify, obliterate,… …   New thesaurus

  • abolish — ► VERB ▪ formally put an end to (a practice or institution). ORIGIN Latin abolere destroy …   English terms dictionary

  • abolish — abolishable, adj. abolisher, n. abolishment, n. /euh bol ish/, v.t. to do away with; put an end to; annul; make void: to abolish slavery. [1425 75; late ME < MF aboliss , long s. of abolir < L abolere to destroy, efface, put an end to; change of… …   Universalium

  • abolish — 01. The death penalty was [abolished] in this country about 50 years ago. 02. Hitting children as punishment for bad behavior was [abolished] in schools when I was a child. 03. The government has passed a law [abolishing] prayer in public schools …   Grammatical examples in English

  • abolish — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) v. t. annul, cancel, abrogate; exterminate, wipe out. See nullification, destruction. Ant., establish, reinstate. II (Roget s IV) v. Syn. suppress, eradicate, terminate, exterminate, obliterate, do away… …   English dictionary for students


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